Top 7 Causes of Spots !

Top 7 Causes of Spots !


Welcome to the next edition of Vysana Life with me, Dr. Sunny Dhesi. Today, we’re delving into a common concern that affects many of us: spots and breakouts. Understanding the root causes can help in managing and preventing these pesky skin issues. Let’s explore the top seven causes of spots and how to tackle them effectively.

You can watch the video below or continue reading…

1. Excess Oil Production

Sebum Overproduction

Excess oil production, or sebum, is one of the primary causes of spots. This overproduction can thicken the oil, leading to clogged pores. These clogged pores create an ideal environment for bacteria, which can exacerbate breakouts.

2. Clogged Pores

Comedones Formation

When excess sebum and dead skin cells accumulate in hair follicles, they form a plug known as a comedone. Comedones can be open (blackheads) or closed (whiteheads) and mark the initial stage of acne development.

3. Bacterial Growth

Cutibacterium Acnes

The bacteria Cutibacterium acnes (formerly known as Propionibacterium acnes) naturally resides on the skin. When hair follicles become clogged, these bacteria multiply, causing inflammation and leading to inflammatory acne lesions such as papules, pustules, nodules, and cysts.

4. Inflammation

Immune Response

Inflammation plays a crucial role in the progression of acne. The immune system responds to clogged follicles by sending white blood cells to the area, resulting in redness, swelling, and pus formation.

5. Hormonal Factors


Hormonal fluctuations, particularly androgens, stimulate the sebaceous glands to produce more sebum. This increase can contribute to pore blockages and acne development. Hormonal changes during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, and perimenopause can all trigger breakouts.

6. Genetic Predisposition

Family History

Genetics can influence an individual’s susceptibility to acne. If you have a family history of acne, you are more likely to experience it as well. This genetic predisposition can affect sebum production and skin cell turnover.

7. Environmental Factors

Humidity and Pollution

Certain environmental factors like humidity and pollution can exacerbate acne. Humidity increases sebum production, while pollution can clog pores. Additionally, comedogenic skincare products can contribute to acne by blocking pores.

Tips for Managing Spots

Cleansing Routine

Alternating between a nourishing cream-based cleanser and an exfoliating salicylic acid-based cleanser can help maintain clear skin. I recommend using the Alumier SensiCalm cleanser for gentle cleansing and the Alumier Acne Clarifying Cleanser for targeted exfoliation.

Lifestyle Adjustments

Avoiding alcohol, increasing the intake of oily fish, and supplementing with vitamin D and collagen can support healthier skin. Practicing mindfulness and managing stress are also crucial in preventing breakouts.

Professional Treatments

At Vysana, we offer various treatments to address skin texture, pigmentation, and breakouts. Our Venus Versa machine provides non-invasive treatments like radiofrequency skin tightening, IPL for pigmentation, and nano-fractional radiofrequency for skin resurfacing.

Thank you for joining me today. If you have any questions or need personalized advice, feel free to reach out or leave a comment below. Here’s to healthier, clearer skin!

Not sure what’s best for your skin?

At Vysana, we’re not just about aesthetics; we’re about comprehensive health care. You can choose virtual and face-to-face consultations or why not try our free Skin Analysis?

We also offer full private GP services such as blood tests and much much more.

If you’re seeking more personalised advice or wish to book a private consultation, please reach out to us at You can also book through our website or call 01572 827085.

Remember, this is a conversation, not a consultation. For medical advice, please book an appointment.

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Dr Sunny Dhesi

Dr Sunny Dhesi

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